Coronavirus, a new respiratory virus, is reportedly originated in the food market in Wuhan, China. Its rapid growing effect has put health authorities on high alert. As of 8 March 2020, the death toll has reached up to 3600 and more than 100 countries have reported the cases.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Coronaviruses (CoV) is a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Coronaviruses are zoonotic and transmitted between animals and people. The investigations state that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. They are even circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
But don’t panic! There are some precautions that help to minimize the risk of spreading the deadly virus. The four preventive measures against Coronavirus (COVID-19):-
1. Wash Your Hands Properly
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and WHO states that wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
Avoid shaking hands, use a tissue when you blow your nose and put the tissue in the trash. You should avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Quit smoking, which might put you in a better position to weather the coronavirus.
2. Use Of Mask
Well, the use of face masks has been increased after the outbreak of coronavirus. The CDC does not recommend that people who are well wearing a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory illnesses, including COVID-19. Rather, it suggests the people who show symptoms of Covid-19 wear a mask to help prevent the spread of the disease to others.
The use of surgical masks while coughing or sneezing will capture most of your sneeze from possibly infecting somebody else.
3. Prepare Yourself If You Are Sick
As the majority of the cases do not need hospitalization, you can take steps in advance. If you are sick or suffer from flu, stay at home. Prepare yourself for the next few days. As health is the most important, you can take leave from your school or workplace. Moreover, you can ask your employer about a work-from-home option.
Purchase the supply of foods you want while home sick with the flu is a good idea. Moreover, you can store the other essentials: toilet paper, cleaning supplies, laundry detergent. Avoid close contact with people who are sick or suffering from the flu.
4. Psychological Preparation Is Also Required
Don’t panic and prepare yourself mentally. The virus is contagious but not much as deadly as other outbreaks. Mostly, people with underlying medical problems, smokers are at higher risk.
Check the medicine cabinet and ensure you have basic medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen. Take daily prescription medication. Make some backup plans if schools and workplaces close during the outbreak. Avoid traveling in the areas of coronavirus outbreaks. Check your health insurance to see if it includes international travel coverage